拳击 | Boxing

装备 | Equipment

  • 比赛背心 - 由主办方提供

  • 比赛短裤 - 由参赛者自带

  • 护齿 - 由参赛者自带

  • 鞋 - 由参赛者自带

  • 头盔 - 可选择佩戴与否,由参赛者自带。头盔必须为无面部,鼻梁遮挡款

  • 绑手带 - 由参赛者自带。必须佩戴标准训练用绑手带

  • 严禁在手部关节使用泡沫保护;严禁在绑手带或拳套上使用胶带;严格遵守业余赛事规则

  • 拳套 - 12 盎司AIBA比赛专用拳套,由主办方提供

  • 参加拳击比赛的选手可以在背心和短裤下身着紧身衣裤

  • 禁止穿着宽松慢跑运动裤

  • Vest - provided by organizers.

  • Shorts - bring your own.

  • Mouth guard - bring your own.

  • Shoes - bring your own.

  • Headgear - optional, bring your own. Must be open-faced, no nose-bar.

  • Hand wraps - bring your own. Must wear standard training hand wraps.

  • No foam knuckle protectors and no tape on hand wraps or gloves, as per amateur rules.

  • Gloves - 12 oz. AIBA competition gloves provided by organizers.

  • Boxers can wear compression shirts and pants under vests and shorts.

  • No jogging pants.

比赛时长 | Duration

  • 3轮比赛,每轮2分钟

  • 每轮比赛间有1分钟休息时间

  • 3 x 2 minute rounds.

  • 1 minute rest between rounds.

裁判指挥 | Referee Commands

  • STOP - 立刻停止出拳

  • BREAK - 立刻停止出拳并后退一步

  • BOX - 开始比赛

  • 如果场上选手受伤或者是被击打次数过多,裁判可能会给选手判击倒数8. 击倒数8意在给处于被攻击的选手8秒钟恢复的时间,在此期间,攻击的选手必须站在白色角落等待裁判发出继续比赛的指示。如果一个选手在一个回合中被判3次击倒数8,那么裁判会停止这场比赛。

  • 击倒:如果选手在比赛中被对方击倒,将给被击倒选手10秒起身恢复时间。如果选手在一轮比赛中被对方击倒3次,裁判将会叫停比赛。

  • Stop - stop punching immediately and wait for the referee to call "Box” to resume fighting.

  • Break - stop punching immediately, take one step back and resume fighting.

  • Box - begin fighting.

  • Standing 8 count: a referee may give a fighter a Standing 8 Count if the fighter is receiving too many blows, appears hurt, or if the referee just wants to get a better look at the fighter to assess their state. A Standing 8 Count is an 8 second break for the affected fighter to recover, while the attacking fighter must wait in a white corner until the referee signals to resume the fight. If a fighter receives three Standing 8 Counts in one round, the referee will stop the fight. Note that a standing 8 count does NOT automatically effect judges scoring for that round.

  • Knockdown: If a fighter is knocked down during their fight, they will be given 10 seconds to stand and recover.  If a fighter receives three Knock Downs in one round, the referee will stop the fight.

合规技术 | Legal Techniques

  • 使用握拳手关节处击打对手头部正面、侧面以及身体的正面和侧面。

  • 使用拳套和手臂进行防御。

  • 头部闪避和身体移动来躲避对手的攻击。

  • Punches delivered with the front knuckle area of the gloves to the front of the head, sides of the head, front of the body and sides of the body.

  • Blocking punches with the gloves and arms.

  • Dodging punches with head movement and foot work.

违规技术 | Fouls

  • 禁止用拳套手掌的位置、手腕、拳套手背的位置或者手臂攻击对手。

  • 禁止用头部攻击对手

  • 禁止低头前进

  • 禁止搂抱

  • 禁止用手臂、拳套和肩部推搡对手

  • 禁止伸出手臂保持不动

  • 禁止击打对方后脑部

  • 禁止攻击裆部

  • Punching with the palm of the glove, the wrist, the back of the glove or arm.

  • Head butting.

  • Moving forward with your head down.

  • Holding.

  • Pushing with the arms, gloves or shoulder.

  • Keeping a static arm extended.

  • Punches to the back of the head.

  • Punches to the groin area (below the belt line)

  • Elbows, knees, kicks.

计分标准 | Scoring Criteria

  • 1 有效攻击的次数

  • 2 在比赛中一直处于明显优势

  • 3 有竞争意识

  • 4 技术和战术优秀

  • 5 违规。多次违规情况的出现可能输掉此轮比赛

  • 1 Number of quality blows on target.

  • 2 Domination of the fight.

  • 3 Competitiveness.

  • 4 Technique and tactics superiority.

  • 5 Fair play.

计分 | Score Cards

  • 所有的裁判必须根据以下规定进行裁决:

  • 10 vs 9-  两人不分伯仲

  • 10 vs 8-  一方占有优势胜出

  • 10 vs 7 -   一方占有绝对优势胜出

  • 10 vs 6 - 不公平的比赛,应取消比赛

  • 每场比赛最后一定有一方获胜。如果最终比分打平,那么裁判们必须根据上述的规定决出一方获胜者。

  • Each round is scored separately, with the points from each round totaled up at the end for a final score.

  • 10 vs 9 - Close round.

  • 10 vs 8 - Clear winner with dominance.

  • 10 vs 7 -  Total dominance.

  • 10 vs 6 -  Overmatched, fight should be stopped.

  • A winner must be declared at the end of a fight, there are no draws. Should the score cards be even on points, judges will choose an overall winner based on the scoring criteria.