泰拳 | Muay Thai

装备 | Equipment

  • 比赛背心 - 由主办方提供

  • 比赛短裤 - 由参赛者自带

  • 护齿 - 由参赛者自带

  • 护裆 - 由参赛者自带

  • 头盔 - 可选择佩戴与否,由参赛者自带。头盔必须为无面部,鼻梁遮挡款

  • 护腿 - 需要带软硬适中的护腿, 由参赛者自带

  • 绑手带 - 由参赛者自带。必须佩戴标准训练用绑手带

  • 严禁在手部关节使用泡沫保护;严禁在绑手带或拳套上使用胶带;严格遵守业余赛事规则

  • 拳套 - 12 盎司AIBA比赛专用拳套,由主办方提供

  • 参加拳击比赛的选手禁止在背心和短裤下身着紧身衣裤

  • 禁止穿着宽松慢跑运动裤

  • Vest - provided by organizers.

  • Shorts - bring your own.

  • Mouth guard - bring your own.

  • Groin cup - bring your own.

  • Must wear solid leg guards - bring your own.

  • Headgear - optional, bring your own. Must be open-faced, no nose-bar.

  • Hand wraps - bring your own. Must wear standard training hand wraps.

  • No foam knuckle protectors and no tape on hand wraps or gloves, as per amateur rules.

  • Gloves - 12 oz. AIBA competition gloves provided by organizers.

  • No rash guard or compression wear (may interfere with clinching).

比赛时长 | Duration

  • 3轮比赛,每轮2分钟

  • 每轮比赛间有1分钟休息时间

  • 3 x 2 minute rounds.

  • 1 minute rest between rounds.

裁判指挥 | Referee Commands

  • STOP - 立刻停止出拳

  • BREAK - 立刻停止出拳并后退一步

  • FIGHT - 开始比赛

  • 如果场上选手受伤或者是被击打次数过多,裁判可能会给选手判击倒数8. 击倒数8意在给处于被攻击的选手8秒钟恢复的时间,在此期间,攻击的选手必须站在白色角落等待裁判发出继续比赛的指示。如果一个选手在一个回合中被判3次击倒数8,那么裁判会停止这场比赛。

  • 击倒:如果选手在比赛中被对方击倒,将给被击倒选手10秒起身恢复时间。如果选手在一轮比赛中被对方击倒3次,裁判将会叫停比赛。

  • 如果泰拳选手被击倒后快速起身,裁判则不回给予10秒倒数干预比赛。

  • Stop - stop punching immediately and wait for the referee to call "Fight” to resume fighting.

  • Break - stop punching immediately, take one step back and resume fighting.

  • Box - begin fighting.

  • Standing 8 count: a referee may give a fighter a Standing 8 Count if the fighter is receiving too many blows, appears hurt, or if the referee just wants to get a better look at the fighter to assess their state. A Standing 8 Count is an 8 second break for the affected fighter to recover, while the attacking fighter must wait in a white corner until the referee signals to resume the fight. If a fighter receives three Standing 8 Counts in one round, the referee will stop the fight. Note that a standing 8 count does NOT automatically effect judges scoring for that round.

  • Knockdown: If a fighter is knocked down during their fight, they will be given 10 seconds to stand and recover.  If a fighter receives three Knock Downs in one round, the referee will stop the fight.

合规技术 | Legal Techniques

  • 使用握拳手关节处击打对手头部正面、侧面以及身体的正面和侧面

  • 使用拳套和手臂阻止对方的出拳、踢腿和膝击

  • 使用腿部进行防御对方的出拳、踢腿和膝击

  • 头部闪避和身体移动来躲避对手的出拳、踢腿和膝击

  • 允许拳抱后出拳或者膝击。注意:如果双方拳抱后3秒内没有任何攻击,那么裁判会将二人分开

  • 抓住对方的腿部并进行攻击

  • 踢击对手致对手摔倒

  • 拳抱后转身或者左右移动对手使对方失去平衡

  • Punches delivered with the front knuckle area of the gloves to the front of the head, sides of the head, front of the body and sides of the body.

  • Blocking punches, kicks and knees with the gloves and arms.

  • Blocking punches, kicks and knees with the legs.

  • Avoiding punches, kicks and knees with head and body movement.

  • Clinching and delivering punches or knee strikes. Note that if fighters are not actively attacking in the clinch for 3 seconds, the referee will break the clinch.

  • Catching your opponent’s leg and striking them.

  • Sweeping your opponent with a kick.

  • Twisting or turning your opponent around in a clinch.

违规技术 | Fouls

  • 禁止用拳套手掌的位置、手腕、拳套手背的位置或者手臂攻击对手。只能使用拳套前面指关节部门进行攻击。

  • 禁止有意攻击对手膝盖

  • 禁止用头部攻击对手

  • 禁止低头前进

  • 禁止用肘部进行攻击

  • 禁止用膝盖对对方头部进行攻击

  • 禁止击打对方后脑部

  • 禁止攻击裆部

  • 禁止伸出手臂保持不动

  • 禁止未使用踢腿动作直接绊倒或推到对手。摔跤和散打模式的攻击不适用于泰拳比赛。必须攻击对方腿部或者身体让对方倒下

  • 禁止抓住对方腿部后向前跑。在抓住对方腿部后仅允许移动2步

  • 禁止在搂抱时抱起对方选手

  • Punching with the palm of the glove, the wrist, the back of the glove or arm. Punches must be delivered with the front knuckle part of the glove only. Spinning back fists will not be permitted.

  • Intentionally targeting the knee/joints of your opponent with strikes.

  • Head butting.

  • Moving forward with your head down.

  • Elbow strikes.

  • Knee strikes to the head.

  • Punches to the back of the head.

  • Strikes to the groin area.

  • Keeping a static arm extended.

  • Tripping or dumping without a forward kicking action. Wrestling and Sanda style takedowns are not legal in Muay Thai. You must kick an opponent’s leg or body to sweep them.

  • Holding your opponent’s leg and running forward. You may hold your opponent’s leg and take up to 2 steps only.

  • Lifting your opponent up in the clinch.

计分标准 | Scoring Criteria

评分重点按照顺序排列:

  • 有效踢击目标次数

  • 有效膝击和拳击目标次数

  • 在比赛中占据主导地位

  • 优秀的技术和战术

  • 公平对战

In order of importance:

  • Number of quality kicks on target.

  • Number of quality knees and punches on target.

  • Domination of the fight.

  • Aggression.

  • Technique and tactics superiority.

  • Fair play.

计分 | Score Cards

  • 所有的裁判必须根据以下规定进行裁决:

  • 10 vs 9-  两人不分伯仲

  • 10 vs 8-  一方占有优势胜出

  • 10 vs 7 -   一方占有绝对优势胜出

  • 10 vs 6 - 不公平的比赛,应取消比赛

  • 每场比赛最后一定有一方获胜。如果最终比分打平,那么裁判们必须根据上述的规定决出一方获胜者。

  • Each round is scored separately, with the points from each round totaled up at the end for a final score.

  • 10 vs 9 - Close round.

  • 10 vs 8 - Clear winner with dominance.

  • 10 vs 7 -  Total dominance.

  • 10 vs 6 -  Overmatched, fight should be stopped.

  • A winner must be declared at the end of a fight, there are no draws. Should the score cards be even on points, judges will choose an overall winner based on the scoring criteria.