泰拳 | Muay Thai

装备 | Equipment

  • 比赛背心 - 由主办方提供

  • 比赛短裤 - 由参赛者自带

  • 护齿 - 由参赛者自带

  • 护裆 - 由参赛者自带

  • 头盔 - 可选择佩戴与否,由参赛者自带。头盔必须为无面部,鼻梁遮挡款

  • 护腿 - 需要带软硬适中的护腿, 由参赛者自带

  • 绑手带 - 由参赛者自带。必须佩戴标准训练用绑手带

  • 严禁在手部关节使用泡沫保护;严禁在绑手带或拳套上使用胶带;严格遵守业余赛事规则

  • 拳套 - 12 盎司AIBA比赛专用拳套,由主办方提供

  • 参加拳击比赛的选手禁止在背心和短裤下身着紧身衣裤

  • 禁止穿着宽松慢跑运动裤

  • Vest - provided by organizers.

  • Shorts - bring your own.

  • Mouth guard - bring your own.

  • Groin cup - bring your own.

  • Must wear solid leg guards - bring your own.

  • Headgear - optional, bring your own. Must be open-faced, no nose-bar.

  • Hand wraps - bring your own. Must wear standard training hand wraps.

  • No foam knuckle protectors and no tape on hand wraps or gloves, as per amateur rules.

  • Gloves - 12 oz. AIBA competition gloves provided by organizers.

  • No rash guard or compression wear (may interfere with clinching).

比赛时长 | Duration

  • 3轮比赛,每轮2分钟

  • 每轮比赛间有1分钟休息时间

  • 3 x 2 minute rounds.

  • 1 minute rest between rounds.

裁判指挥 | Referee Commands

  • STOP - 立刻停止出拳

  • BREAK - 立刻停止出拳并后退一步

  • BOX - 开始比赛

  • 如果场上选手受伤或者是被击打次数过多,裁判可能会给选手判击倒数8. 击倒数8意在给处于被攻击的选手8秒钟恢复的时间,在此期间,攻击的选手必须站在白色角落等待裁判发出继续比赛的指示。如果一个选手在一个回合中被判3次击倒数8,那么裁判会停止这场比赛。

  • 击倒:如果选手在比赛中被对方击倒,将给被击倒选手10秒起身恢复时间。如果选手在一轮比赛中被对方击倒3次,裁判将会叫停比赛。

  • 如果泰拳选手被击倒后快速起身,裁判则不回给予10秒倒数干预比赛。

  • Stop - stop punching immediately and wait for the referee to call "Box” to resume fighting.

  • Break - stop punching immediately, take one step back and resume fighting.

  • Box - begin fighting.

  • Standing 8 count: a referee may give a fighter a Standing 8 Count if the fighter is receiving too many blows, appears hurt, or if the referee just wants to get a better look at the fighter to assess their state. A Standing 8 Count is an 8 second break for the affected fighter to recover, while the attacking fighter must wait in a white corner until the referee signals to resume the fight. If a fighter receives three Standing 8 Counts in one round, the referee will stop the fight. Note that a standing 8 count does NOT automatically effect judges scoring for that round.

  • Knockdown: If a fighter is knocked down during their fight, they will be given 10 seconds to stand and recover.  If a fighter receives three Knock Downs in one round, the referee will stop the fight.

合规技术 | Legal Techniques

  • 使用握拳手关节处击打对手头部正面、侧面以及身体的正面和侧面

  • 使用拳套和手臂阻止对方的出拳、踢腿和膝击

  • 使用腿部进行防御对方的出拳、踢腿和膝击

  • 头部闪避和身体移动来躲避对手的出拳、踢腿和膝击

  • 允许拳抱后出拳或者膝击。注意:如果双方拳抱后3秒内没有任何攻击,那么裁判会将二人分开

  • 抓住对方的腿部并进行攻击

  • 踢击对手致对手摔倒

  • 拳抱后转身或者左右移动对手使对方失去平衡

  • Punches delivered with the front knuckle area of the gloves to the front of the head, sides of the head, front of the body and sides of the body.

  • Blocking punches, kicks and knees with the gloves and arms.

  • Blocking punches, kicks and knees with the legs.

  • Avoiding punches, kicks and knees with head and body movement.

  • Clinching and delivering punches or knee strikes. Note that if fighters are not actively attacking in the clinch for 3 seconds, the referee will break the clinch.

  • Catching your opponent’s leg and striking them.

  • Sweeping your opponent with a kick.

  • Twisting or turning your opponent around in a clinch.

违规技术 | Fouls

  • 禁止用拳套手掌的位置、手腕、拳套手背的位置或者手臂攻击对手。只能使用拳套前面指关节部门进行攻击。

  • 禁止用头部攻击对手

  • 禁止低头前进

  • 禁止用肘部进行攻击

  • 禁止用膝盖对对方头部进行攻击

  • 禁止击打对方后脑部

  • 禁止攻击裆部

  • 禁止伸出手臂保持不动

  • 禁止未使用踢腿动作直接绊倒或推到对手。摔跤和散打模式的攻击不适用于泰拳比赛。必须攻击对方腿部或者身体让对方倒下

  • 禁止抓住对方腿部后向前跑。在抓住对方腿部后仅允许移动2步

  • 禁止在搂抱时抱起对方选手

  • Punching with the palm of the glove, the wrist, the back of the glove or arm. Punches must be delivered with the front knuckle part of the glove only.

  • Head butting.

  • Moving forward with your head down.

  • Elbow strikes.

  • Knee strikes to the head.

  • Punches to the back of the head.

  • Strikes to the groin area.

  • Keeping a static arm extended.

  • Tripping or dumping without a forward kicking action. Wrestling and Sanda style takedowns are not legal in Muay Thai. You must kick an opponent’s leg or body to sweep them.

  • Holding your opponent’s leg and running forward. You may hold your opponent’s leg and take up to 2 steps only.

  • Lifting your opponent up in the clinch.

计分标准 | Scoring Criteria

评分重点按照顺序排列:

  • 有效踢击目标次数

  • 有效膝击和拳击目标次数

  • 在比赛中占据主导地位

  • 优秀的技术和战术

  • 公平对战

In order of importance:

  • Number of quality kicks on target.

  • Number of quality knees and punches on target.

  • Domination of the fight.

  • Aggression.

  • Technique and tactics superiority.

  • Fair play.

计分 | Score Cards

  • 所有的裁判必须根据以下规定进行裁决:

  • 10 vs 9-  两人不分伯仲

  • 10 vs 8-  一方占有优势胜出

  • 10 vs 7 -   一方占有绝对优势胜出

  • 10 vs 6 - 不公平的比赛,应取消比赛

  • 每场比赛最后一定有一方获胜。如果最终比分打平,那么裁判们必须根据上述的规定决出一方获胜者。

  • Each round is scored separately, with the points from each round totaled up at the end for a final score.

  • 10 vs 9 - Close round.

  • 10 vs 8 - Clear winner with dominance.

  • 10 vs 7 -  Total dominance.

  • 10 vs 6 -  Overmatched, fight should be stopped.

  • A winner must be declared at the end of a fight, there are no draws. Should the score cards be even on points, judges will choose an overall winner based on the scoring criteria.